In verse seven, of Ephesians 1: "In Whom we have our
redemption through His blood... according to the riches of His
grace" - our redemption according to the riches of His
grace. This matter of redemption is a very big one, it could take
many hours of consideration, and, like election, it is a matter
which has been misunderstood and in some ways it has been
distorted. There has been a good deal of confusion over the matter
of this priceless wonder of our redemption - the meaning of that
There may be an element of truth in it, but it is just there that the confusion arises when redemption is pictured as a matter of taking a slave out of bondage by paying the redemption money. Well, I say, there may be an element in that idea or interpretation, but the difficulty and the confusion arises when you ask the question: "To whom is the money paid?" Has God got to pay the devil something to get back that which he has taken? Is God a debtor to satan? Has God got to go into satanís slave market and put up a price to redeem that which satan has captured? You see, it is an untenable idea, an unthinkable thing that God is at the mercy of satan, that satan is in the position of saying, "If You'd like to pay me an adequate price, I will let You have what is in my possession". We will never recognise that. So we have got to revise our idea of this matter of redemption. I say there may be an element of truth in it, it may go just so far, as we shall probably see, but that is really not the whole truth, and if we are not clear, we shall be in some confusion.
So, I want to try and make this thing clear, for it is important that we have a right understanding of things. We rejoice in redemption, we sing about redemption, we can never make too much of redemption, but there is some real value in understanding what we are talking about - having a right apprehension of the words and terms that we use so commonly. And I just trust that what I say about this may not make it seem to be a complicated thing, but rather to help us to appreciate the real meaning of redemption.
Now let us begin where it does begin. Redemption begins with
being "unto God". It is:
Redemption Unto God.
You know the great word at the beginning of the book of the
Revelation: "hath redeemed us unto God" - unto
God. That means that something has been taken from God
which is Godís right. And if something has been taken from God,
the balance of things has been upset; things are not equal, things
are not complete, there is something lacking which belongs
to God. And, that being the case, things are unequal, things are
unbalanced. If there is a family, and in that family there are two
sons belonging to the one father and one son is removed, the
balance of the family is upset; it's lopsided, it's one-sided, and
the fatherís possession is divided and incomplete, an unequal
position obtains. If a shepherd has a hundred sheep, that is his
complete lot, that's everything, his fulness, and one of those
sheep is lost, the balance is upset, the thing is not
complete; his possession is interfered with, disturbed, and things
are out of proportion. If a woman has a necklace with ten pieces
of silver hanging from it, and one of those pieces of silver is
lost, then the balance is upset, she has not got all that
belongs to her; things are unequal, the balance is disturbed.
The bringing back of those lost things, whether it be a son, or a sheep, or a piece of silver, restores the balance to the owner - that is redemption unto God. God has all that belongs to Him, is His right, and there is completeness restored: "Redemption unto God". But what is it, really, that has been lost? Of course we have the parables and the illustrations in the Scripture, it's just an illustration: a son, a sheep, a piece of silver. Many other things are employed to illustrate the truth, but they are only illustrations. What is it really that has been lost, that has, by being lost, upset the balance? It is Life! It is Life. Now, here is the deep mystery of redemption.
What we are met with in the Bible throughout, and, of course, I
can't trace this thing in half an hour, but what we are met with
in the Bible throughout is this very matter of the disturbance of
the balance of Life and Godís demand that that balance shall be
restored. He is the Author, Fountain, the Origin of the
whole sum of Life. Life is God's. He alone is the rightful
Lord of Life. Life is Godís, it belongs to God. It is as though,
if I may put it this way, God has so much Life, just so much Life,
which is a complete measure of Life - a fulness of Life, an
ultimate of Life - Life is just so much in God and with God, not
less, not more, but just so much. Take something of that Life
away, and you upset the balance of Life. The whole thing is out of
proportion. And redemption means restoring that balance, by
restoring the fulness. Well then, there you have your Bible.
We're in these days very much occupied (or the government is, and perhaps the country) is occupied with this matter of capital punishment. Capital punishment; a life has been taken, therefore another life must equalize the situation and put it straight, put it right; the balance of life must be restored. That's the heart of capital punishment as in the Law of Moses - or before the Law of Moses, in the law of the first covenant, "Whosoever taketh manís life, his life shall be taken". The law of capital punishment. Oh why? Just revenge? Just revenge, just judgment only? Malice? "You do that to me, I do that to you", is it just that? No, there's a deep principle here. So much life has been taken by the slaying of that man. God says, "That's got to be put straight; that's got to be equalized, the balance has got to be restored" - the law of capital punishment. The law of the cities of refuge for the manslayer; a very interesting matter is that of the manslayer, and the cities of refuge provided... because he has taken life, and the avenger of blood is on his track to equalize this, to take his life, to put it straight, put it even, measure everything up again. Of course, that's negative, so far as the Old Testament is concerned, but we haven't finished yet. You can see the principle is quite clear, I think, that it's just a matter of restoring the balance of things. Restoring the balance. Now, through the Old Testament it's like that, and it's all wonderful illustration of great Divine truth. The point is, life has been taken which belongs to God; belongs to God because He is the Author of Life. It's been taken, and God demands, because He is an equal God: equality, or equity, or righteousness - which is a perfect balance of things - belongs to God. And things must be even in Godís universe, not out of proportion, not out of order, not out of measure, but just perfectly even. When we come to the end of redemption, everything will be even, everything will be straightened out. There will be nothing out of balance or out of proportion, but all will be just right; just right. And righteousness will cover the earth as the waters cover the sea. And no one will have any ground for a quarrel with God. It's just right.
Now, that's the point, you see, over this matter of redemption: it's a question of Life. There is, in Godís order, in Godís universe, in Godís system of things, a great equalizing principle. You can never be in fellowship with God and be unrighteous in a detail. Your fellowship with God, your oneness with God is upset, is unbalanced and it's like a dislocation of a limb in the body if there is a point of unrighteousness in life, in business transactions, or in relationships. That's unrighteous; all right, the balance is upset, and God is going to demand that that is straightened out, evened out. Righteousness is a tremendous thing with God, because it just means that God has things balanced, perfectly balanced.
Now, the focal point then, as we have said of this, is Life. Now, the Old Testament tells us that the blood is the life. The blood is the life. You and I can never, never straighten this matter out. Man can never put this thing right with God. Man can never give God that which has been taken from Him. Therefore, His Own Son took flesh and blood and Christís infinite blood, infinite blood... we have never yet fathomed the depth of the wonder of the blood of Jesus Christ - it's a term for His Life - His infinite blood is given to God to restore the balance, to make up what has been lost, what has been taken from God by ruthless hands by the murderer who has come in. He restores to God by His own, let us repeat it, Infinite Blood, because it's got to be sufficient to meet the demands of an Infinite God on the one side, and of all men on the other side. Yes, sufficient Life, poured out by Jesus Christ, God's Son, for Godís satisfaction, that God shall have all that He has a right to. And poured out to meet that demand of God in all men from whom this Life has been taken. The payment is not to satan, it's to God. It is redemption by His blood unto God. There follows this: that because man is, by this terrible thing that has happened, in a position of weakness, of defectiveness, of helplessness; he is in bondage. He is in bondage... he is helplessly in bondage.
Now you, of course, can take your illustration from your Old Testament: Israel in Egypt - always referred to as the land of bondage. They were in bondage, that is the word which governs their position there. How were they delivered from that bondage? "Oh," we say, "by the blood of the lamb". By the blood of the Lamb, the operation was two-sided. It depended entirely upon the attitude of the heart, the attitude of faith. If unbelief and rebellion of heart as in Pharaoh and the Egyptians, persisted, the blood testified against them. Against them; it was their undoing. But Israel was just as much in bondage to sin, to the world, as Egypt was. Just as much, there is no difference. The difference which did come about was by their attitude toward the blood. If any Israelite had by unbelief or rebellion of heart refused to take that shed blood and sprinkle it upon the doorposts, the lintel, the threshold, making a circle of blood, they would have gone the same way as the Egyptians: remained in bondage and death and under judgment. But, recognising that of course they didn't understand, they didn't know what we are talking about, but they had the simple prescription, and the simple command, that they should take that blood of the lamb without spot, without blemish, take it and sprinkle it. And with that simple demand, arose the demand for the obedience of faith, and thereby that blood answered for them to Godís requirements.
God knew the secret, the mystery of that blood. God, Who is the Timeless, the Eternal God, was not moving so many hundreds or thousands of years before, He was moving then and there on the ground of His Own Son at Calvary, the Passover Lamb. And He knew the meaning of it, while Israel did not have the understanding. But God knew, and He just made His simple requirement. But bound up with this deep, this fathomless mystery of Life, Life, God has a right to life. God must have that which is His own: Life. And so the lamb with its shed blood symbolically answers to Godís demands and in that life blood poured out, it is unto God. You remember, that through all the Old Testament ritual in Israel, the blood belongs to God. The blood belongs to God, it is sacred unto God, "Don't you drink the blood, don't you appropriate the blood; that's poured out unto God, that's God's, God's right". You know that preserve of the blood, don't you? It is Godís, it represents the Life which belongs to God, and in the giving of that, God has His right, His portion; what belongs to Him.
So, when we come to this word in Ephesians 1: "We have redemption
through His Blood, the forgiveness of our trespasses." We have
redemption through His blood. "And hath," says John, "redeemed us
unto God by His Blood". If you would like to change the
word you can, "We have redemption through His poured-out Life,
redeemed unto God through His poured-out Life," that's the meaning
of it. The Lord Jesus, because of the infinite value of
His Blood, the infinite measure of that which He
gave in His Cross unto God, satisfied God perfectly in
this matter of His requirement, His demand. And, although
the explanation may sound a little complicated and difficult -
well, of course, it is - it's the unsearchable riches. Oh, the
depth of the riches is beyond us, but after all, in experience it's
You know, dear friends, when you and I, at the beginning of our Christian life, take by faith the virtue of the blood of Jesus Christ, we don't understand that, we do not comprehend its meaning, but in simple faith we see that it is by way of the blood of Jesus Christ that we are saved. And in that simple, but genuine heart-faith in the efficacy and virtue of the blood of Jesus Christ, we take it and give ourselves to God on the ground of it. What is our first consciousness? Everything is all right. Everything's right. The dislocation has been adjusted, the unbalanced state of things has been put straight - we call it peace with God. Peace with God! It's only another way of saying the same thing: God has what He requires for His satisfaction. And if God is satisfied, you and I will be well satisfied. If there is that in us which satisfies Him, the Spirit will bear witness.
And, although I say again we do not understand, we are in the
depths, the mighty depths, a depth which it will take eternity
to comprehend, there's the simple beginning of this fact:
everything was distorted, deranged, unbalanced, there was
something lacking that was essential, vital to our peace, all that
sort of thing. And now we have peace with God, the balance is
restored, God is satisfied. In our hearts we feel, although we
cannot explain it, well, somehow or other a great adjustment has
taken place. Things are equal now, things are straight now. Put it
as you will, it's a consciousness, isn't it?
And what is true in that sense of the initial aspect of our salvation will be an abiding law throughout our Christian life - that if on any matter whatsoever, Godís rights are being withheld, if He is not getting that which is His due, in that measure we shall lack the fulness of His rest and His peace - sort of now, if not an unbalanced state of things, there's an oscillation in the balances. Do you know something about that oscillation in the balances of your heart? Just not steady. Just not steady, something here that is uncertain, that's wavering, that's not sure about this yet. But immediately you and I get that thing cleared up with God, it may be only one thing, but get that straightened out and God gets what He is requiring; peace is restored. It's a wonderful truth in the Christian life, isn't it? It's simple in that way, but that is the explanation. "Oh, why have I been holding out so long? Why didn't I get that thing cleared up before now? I have been spoiling everything for myself, because the Lord has not had what He had a right to."
Now, redemption is initial, redemption is progressive, and redemption is final. There are the three tenses. You can change the word from redemption to salvation if you like, it's the same thing. We were saved, we are being saved, and we shall be saved; those are the three tenses of salvation. Well, the first is what He has done for us perfectly and completely, and which we have accepted. The second of the process of redemption or salvation is that God is getting more and more of that requirement of His in our life, and as He does, we are knowing more and more the balanced life, the steady life of rest and confidence. But thank God, for that will go on to the end of our days - salvation will continue right to the last breath, there is that ultimate, perfect salvation when with that throng around the Lamb on the Throne, we shall sing, "And hath redeemed us unto God by His Blood". That is the final aspect and phase of redemption; it's all in the infinite value of the blood of Jesus. See how great this is? Well might the apostle here include this in the riches of His grace, the unsearchable riches of His grace, the depth of the riches of His Grace - providing God with that which we could never give Him, answering to God for His righteous demands which we could never do. All these words are bound up together, "He is made unto us from God righteousness, sanctification, redemption". Righteousness... the righteousness which is of God through faith in Jesus Christ. God has provided it all in His Son.
Now, I will add just a word here as to the next thing in this
group, the five-fold group of the riches of His grace, it will not
take me more than a few minutes to do this, because it's so
closely linked in with what we have been saying.
Election, Adoption, Redemption
Verse 8, "Which He made to abound toward us in all wisdom and prudence". He... made to abound to us, in all wisdom. One of the riches of His grace here is this wisdom which He has made to abound unto us. Of this so many-sided and full matter of wisdom made to abound unto us, Christ made unto us from God wisdom, I am only going to say one thing in this context with what we have said, and what the rest of this chapter contains. What is "wisdom" in its meaning here? Well, when the apostle, (we will put it this way) when the apostle has tabulated these five profound things, unexplorable things, he goes on his knees. Now, that was something extraordinary, for a Jew very rarely knelt down to pray; he always stood up to pray. If it was in the synagogue he stood up - Paul refers to this in one place: when you stand, praying. The common attitude and posture of prayer for the Jew was standing and lifting up holy hands. It's only occasionally that you find a certain one on his knees. You will find Daniel on his knees. And now here Paul says, "I bow my knee unto the Father". "I bow." What is this? Why this unusual attitude and position? Something unusual is at stake or is involved. It's an occasion for something extraordinary. You'll agree that that was so with Daniel, remember when he prayed, there was something tremendous involved.
Now the apostle says, "I bow my knee," there is something here
that is a tremendous matter. And what does he ask, he pray
for? He has said all these things; he knows how
incomprehensible they are: "I bow my knee unto the Father that He
would grant unto you a spirit of wisdom and revelation in the
knowledge of Him, the eyes of your heart being enlightened, that
you may know." Now you've got the heart of wisdom. What is the
heart of wisdom? It is the gift and ability of seeing right
into the heart of things, the ability given to see into the
heart of things - the spirit of wisdom and revelation.
Now Paul is writing in this letter about the mystery hidden from ages and generations, from before times eternal, hidden in Christ, now brought out from the hidden place and committed, conveyed. Paul is trying to explain this, to speak about this mystery and these five things are in the mystery: predestination, foreordination, redemption.... Anybody here doubt that they are mysteries when men have been putting themselves into intellectual distortions through hundreds of years to explain just these words: predestination, foreordination. And they're still going on with it. Paul knows how deep are these riches of His grace, what a tremendous thing is brought to us in Christ, and before it all he falls down on his knee, "I bow my knee to the Father, that He would grant unto you a spirit of wisdom and revelation..." wisdom and revelation, that is, the ability to see into the heart of things. And all I can add to that is that the Holy Spirit has come, is with us, in order to disclose to us the heart of these things.
Perhaps the greatest need of Christians today is to see the meaning of the things that they believe; to see the meaning of what true Christianity is, the meaning of all these things that make up our Christian faith. They are depths beyond our reaching, they are abysmal things, these things. And we need an ability, God-given ability to be able to see into the heart of this. But thank God that is possible. Thank God the Holy Spirit is given for that very purpose! And what I am saying to you, dear friends, is just this, that you and I may have this same Spirit and this work of the Spirit to open our hearts, the eyes of our hearts, to give us this wisdom to see into the heart of the things of Christ. And what a wonderful thing it is just to see a little way in... to be able to say, "My, I never saw that before! That is light! That is indeed illumination, that is revelation, that is the truth!" It has an effect; it is not just the mental pleasure, fascination - it does something in us. It puts us into a position where we cannot throw that away easily, it has become a part of us! We will never say we can do without that, "Well, that's all very wonderful, that's all very nice, and so on, but let's come back to the simplicities, to the things easily understood..." you can't do that once we've seen into the heart of things. You cannot throw it away, you cannot part with it easily. To do so would be to do irreparable damage to our own spiritual life. I and this truth, this light are one, it is not some thing that I have got, it is myself, my very self, my very life. I have seen; God has made it known to me. No use... I can't explain it all, but there it is, it's myself; He's made it a part of myself. That is wisdom, that is wisdom: seeing right into the heart by the opened eye; knowing in an inward way, an interior way, the meaning of the things we've heard and read and, perhaps, believed.
But, dear friends, as I think you will see from what I have said this afternoon, there is a depth, a fulness in such a word as "redemption" which we have only just touched the fringe of. And everything else in our salvation is in the same category, it's of the dimensions of God Himself. And it's going to take eternity for us to comprehend, but it is given to us here to know, and to know more and still more of the depth of the wisdom of His grace!