After the ponderous load that has been precipitated onto you through these past four meetings, you will no doubt be relieved when I say that my message this evening is a very simple one; I trust not less important and vital, but quite simple. And it is from these chapters which we have read: Isaiah 61, and Luke 4.
Before we can really come to the point to derive the real value and meaning of these chapters put together, we have to take note of this and the significance of this: that the Lord Jesus did lift out of the prophecies of Isaiah this section and apply it to Himself. That is far more significant than it looks to be at a glance because of the historic setting of the words in the Old Testament in the prophecies of Isaiah, because undoubtedly these words in Isaiah's prophecies had a bearing upon, or took their force from the situation that obtained at that time. It was what existed then that gave rise to and point to these words: "The Spirit of the Lord is upon me because...", this and that, so-and-so. And that the Lord Jesus should have taken those words right out of that context and applied them to Himself, implies or means that He gave them another context. I don't mean the context of Himself, although that was true, but another, shall we say, historic context. We must grasp what I am getting at, but you will, I think, in a few minutes.
These words of the prophet Isaiah, which in his own mind perhaps did not exclusively relate to the coming Messiah - it may have done in a secondary way - but he was himself in this, the prophet, the Lord's servant at that time. He was proclaiming to the people these things, and saying as to them at that time, in their condition: "The Spirit of the Lord is upon me, because the Lord hath anointed me to preach good tidings unto the poor...", and so on. It is probable that Isaiah said in a secondary way, behind, he knew Another was coming, he had the Messianic idea, but for him at the moment, it was contemporary; it was for that time.
It was because Israel was in, actually in, all these conditions to which he was speaking. Now, while that was true in the case of the Lord Jesus, and in the time of the Lord Jesus - that was quite true - there is this extra factor: the Lord Jesus was not making this a prophecy of something in the future, the Lord Jesus was saying: "Today is this fulfilled; today is this fulfilled". It was not literally fulfilled for Israel that day, nor has it been ever since - not literally. Israel has never come into the good of this prophecy in any earthly sense, they're still outside; and yet what Jesus said about it - this prophecy: "Today... it's fulfilled". And He was constantly talking like that about today, about now. He said to the woman of Samaria: "Woman, believe Me, the hour cometh, and now is, when neither in this mountain nor at Jerusalem shall men worship the Father...", "And now is… now is..." you see. Very strange, well, I wonder if you grasp the import of that. If this prophecy, with all its terms, is now in fulfilment, you cannot make a literal thing of it - you've got to make a spiritual thing of it! It is fulfilled today, but it's fulfilled in a spiritual way, and not in a temporal way. That's the setting of the thing and it's very impressive, and very important to recognise that as you come to what the prophecy holds.
Jesus took it to Himself, and said: "Today"! How, today? How today? And that, of course, is the present interpretation of this. Now, there He was, standing in the synagogue in Nazareth, in the personal fulfilment of all the prophecies of the coming Servant of Jehovah. All these prophecies were in course of fulfilment in Himself, and He stood there as the Servant of the Lord, prefigured by Isaiah. And what we have then here simply, is the manifold ministry of the Servant of the Lord. How manifold, or many-sided, is this servanthood, is this service to God and to man! When you have said that, you're ready to look at at least some of the aspects of this manifold servant-ministry of the Lord Jesus.
And then remember that it is transferred to the Church, to be His ministry in and through the Church - that what is true of Him in these respects, is intended by the same Anointing Spirit, to be true of the Church, whether that be universal or local, the whole or the part. This is the manifold ministry which the Anointing Spirit gives, or desires to give, and fulfil, not only in the Christ, but in and through the Church. Well now, that may have sounded not so simple, but the rest is quite simple.
The servant, then, is here presented to us in various ways. First
The Servant as a Preacher.
"The Spirit of the Lord is upon me, because the Lord hath
anointed me to preach..." and the word really is "herald". "The
Lord hath anointed me to herald..." to make a
proclamation. The full force of what is here is that; to make a
proclamation. And when you go on to see what it is, what is
contained in the proclamation, you find that there are three
First of all, a proclamation of "good news to the poor" - good news! The word "gospel" in the New Testament, is just that, as you know. "To herald, proclaim, preach, tell forth, announce, good news to the poor". What does that mean? Well, you remember when He did come and He gathered His disciples, the nucleus of the new nation and the new kingdom, took them apart, "He opened His mouth and taught them, saying: Blessed are the poor in spirit, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven". Now we are back for our setting in Isaiah. Historically, Israel had lost the kingdom. This is the book, as you know, that sees them driven out, carried away from Jerusalem and their land, into far-off Babylon, with their kingdom lost. A people without a kingdom and all that that meant to Israel on this earth, for it was everything to them - what they were raised up for; that in which all their interests and their possessions, and their hopes were centred. Their kings have been slain or taken captive; their kingdom is gone. Jesus steps into that situation, and says to these poor, strait, bereft people: "Blessed are the poor in spirit, theirs is..." what? Not even the recovery or restoration of an earthly kingdom, but the kingdom of heaven! So much greater kingdom; so much more glorious kingdom; so much more enduring kingdom - the Kingdom of the Heavens! That's good news, to herald and proclaim that there's another Kingdom to be given to those who have been stripped stark of everything here on this earth in which their life and their hopes were centred - there's another Kingdom. "The Spirit hath anointed me", to say that, to say that - that's the good news of the herald; it is the good news of a kingdom offered, far transcending the highest glory and the fullest wealth of the old earthly kingdom of Israel. You probably know how much these gospels in the New Testament, have about the Kingdom of Heaven. You might say that in one sense, they're mainly about the Kingdom of Heaven. It's offered to those who have lost everything here of this world's kingdom.
The second thing that the herald announces or proclaims is:
The Year of Jubilee.
That is not stated in those words exactly, but to anyone who
cares to look into it, they will find that that is what is in the
thought, and what lies behind the words here. It is the year of
grace - here translated: 'the acceptable year of the Lord' - it's
the Year of Grace of the Lord. And that particular year in the
Jewish history, the seventieth year, was the year of Jubilee. And
most of you know, but for the sake of those who don't, let me say
what the Year of Jubilee was. During all that period up to the
seventieth year, if anybody got into debt, for instance, well,
their house could be taken in lieu of payment, or their property,
or their sons, or themselves. Anything that they had and even
themselves, could legally be taken, and put against their debt.
Then there were all those who were in bondage, even in slavery, in
servitude, over against the indebtedness of either a family, or a
business, or anything else. But there was a law made by God, in
Israel, that the seventieth year, the fiftieth (I'm making a
mistake) the fiftieth year was the year when all
debts had to be cancelled; all such confiscated
properties, or people, had to be released; and all that had been
during that time, taken in lieu of payment, was to be given back.
And early, early, with the dawn of the first day of the fiftieth year, the trumpet was sounded - the trumpet of Jubilee sounded forth over the land and every slave let free! And everyone who was holding anything or anybody, had to return it or them - the year of Jubilee, the year of grace over against law - that was the historic side of things. Now, Jesus takes that up, and He says: "In this new dispensation, not one year, but the whole dispensation is the dispensation of grace! With Me is the trumpet of Jubilee, which will run right on to the end of the age; with Me is the heralding, the announcement. I am the One who sounds the trumpet of Jubilee, and all the slaves must be released; and all that is in bondage, must be let go; and all that has been forfeit must be restored. Your inheritance; your rights, are returned in the Year of Grace!"
Now, you see, that is capable of a lot of time being taken, but I
think it's quite simple, quite clear, no doubt about it, that what
was true in Israel historically and literally is quite true of the
race of mankind. There is no doubt about it that you and I, by
nature, are all in bondage. We are all slaves. We have all, as
Paul puts it, "been sold under sin". And we have lost our
inheritance. Adam forfeited our inheritance; and we lost
everything that God meant us to have. By Adam's sin, we have lost
it all. Wonderful liberty, the wonderful inheritance - it has all
gone; you don't doubt that. And we are in a state of lost good,
and spiritual bondage. The Great Herald has come to proclaim the
acceptable year of the Lord - the Year of Grace. That is, the year
of release and of restoration - the year of Jubilee. That is what
this Servant does and dear friends, that is the herald-ministry
that is committed to us.
And here tonight as servants of the Lord, as heralds by the Holy
Spirit, we can proclaim this: that all that you have lost in Adam,
is restored in Christ; all the bondage in which you are serving
and labouring in sin and to Satan, is cancelled out in Christ and
your liberty is offered. The Year of Jubilee - all restored that
has been lost.
But notice here in Isaiah, the herald proclaims:
The Day of Vengeance.
"The day of vengeance of our God." Of course, you don't need to
have it pointed out that Jesus didn't go on to that, He stopped
short of it. He stopped short with 'the acceptable year', the year
of grace, and He didn't go further and say: "and the day of
vengeance of our God". When He reached that point, without saying
that, He closed the book, and gave it back to the attendant, and
said, "This day hath this scripture... as far as I have
read, as far as I have read; at the point at which I have stopped,
is fulfilled in your ears". And He didn't say "the day of
vengeance" but when He finished His ministry on this earth, He
proclaimed the day of vengeance. Oh, how, when His message had
been given, His life had been lived, His service fulfilled, and
they rejected, He said: "Woe unto you... Woe unto you .. Woe
unto you..." He then did proclaim the day of vengeance.
But do you see the point? There is a day of grace in which
everything is offered in Him and opportunity is given for receiving
all that He offers - your liberty and your inheritance. But
there's a terminal point to that day when, having refused and
rejected, another solemn note comes in: "and the day of vengeance
of our God".
The day of vengeance is not the day of grace - it's the day of grace refused; grace despised. It's true that the people in Christ's own day sinned beyond the day of grace in rejecting Him, and entered upon the day of vengeance of God. For us here tonight, the day of grace still obtains. You can have all that the Herald offers. But, make no mistake about it, there comes a day when you, with persistent refusal of grace, will find that you are confronted with the day of vengeance of our God. These are the three things that the herald proclaimed, and that is the first aspect of the servant's ministry.
To Comfort all that Mourn in Zion.
"To comfort all that mourn in Zion". Now, it's quite easy
to see what Isaiah meant by that. You take what he meant
as illustrative of what Jesus meant in saying that. What did
Isaiah mean by 'those that mourn in Zion'? Well, why do you mourn?
Why do you put on mourning? Mourning relates to a funeral, doesn't
it? To death. To a funeral. The people of Zion in Isaiah's day,
the people of Zion were mourning the loss of what Zion meant. The
funeral of the meaning of Zion.
Now, Zion was always a typical or symbolic term for the highest glories and blessings of Israel. Theirs were the songs of Zion, theirs were the journeys to Zion; they held Zion as the symbolic embodiment of all the Divine blessing, and all the Divine presence. Oh, Zion... in its days, its great days, was the place of the glory. The glory was there. And now, the glory has gone from Zion. All that Zion meant of ascendancy and victory has gone because, you know, Zion came in with a victory - it came in with a victory. It was when it was considered to be so impregnable, that the original holders just manned it with their lame and their blind, and said: "Why, our poorest stuff can beat anybody that tries to take this!" Then, David challenged his warriors, and said: "The one who takes the stronghold of Zion shall be made my Field-Marshall". And Joab did it - took it! And from that time it became the City of the Great King; it became the centre of the nation, symbolic of the great victory over the impregnable place. And all that made Zion a very glorious thing for Israel, and we could say very much about it, but it's all gone! The victory has gone; the glory had gone; and they're mourning over its loss, and over its condition - its condition. What could the Lord Jesus mean so many centuries afterward, taking up these words, and saying: "Today! Today is this fulfilled; Zion is restored today! Zion's glory is restored to you today. All that is offered to you back again, today!" It's mysterious.
Well, of course, our letter to the Hebrews gives us the answer:
"Ye are not come to Mount Zion but ye are come to Zion, the city
of the Living God, the heavenly Jerusalem". There is a Zion, a
heavenly Zion, a heavenly city and a heavenly citizenship, which
is glorious above all the glory of any earthly city of Zion; which
is mighty and impregnable beyond the strength of anything that
Israel knew - that is an enduring city which will never pass. You
are offered the citizenship of a heavenly Zion; you are
offered that today. You're offered that today. And you know some
of you how much Scripture we could draw in from the New Testament
on that. "Our citizenship", says Paul, "our citizenship is above,
where Christ is, seated at the right hand of God. Our citizenship
is in heaven, from whence we look for a saviour, Jesus Christ".
Our citizenship... today is this fulfilled, by new birth from
above - birth from Heaven by this same Holy Spirit, there is given
to you not only the citizenship, but the franchise of Heaven: all
the rights of Heaven are offered to you today in the good news of
"To comfort all that mourn in Zion". Is that a comfort to you? Well, I think that some of us at least do rejoice that our names are written in Heaven, that they are in the Lamb's book of Life, that we are born from above, that whatever we have or do not have here in this world, we have got an eternal City and we belong to the New Jerusalem! And it means a lot to us, to have our citizenship in Heaven, and our names written there. Well, I said it's simple; it's the simple message of the Gospel.
Thirdly, the Servant is presented in the capacity of:
A herald, a comforter, a liberator. "To proclaim liberty to the
captives", and now you notice: "the opening of the prison
to them that are bound" - and the words 'of the prison' are
in italics, meaning that they are not in the original text. And
there is a marginal note, if you have a marginal reference Bible,
which says, 'the opening of the eyes of them that are
bound'. And Luke quotes it like that. It is not clear and apparent
in this translation, but in the original languages, both the
Hebrew and the Greek, it is quite clear that this relates to eyes.
This kind of captivity is a different one from that of
the slave of whom we've been speaking. What is here being referred
to and spoken about is a captivity of blindness. A captivity of
blindness. Now we, this afternoon, were back in chapter 6, and the
prophet's commission was: 'Close their eyes; close their eyes' -
that is a judgment - 'lest seeing, they perceive'. This judgment
of blindness has come. Paul says 'The god of this age hath blinded
the minds of the unbelieving'. This is a captivity, a captivity of
darkness, a captivity of blindness, a captivity of the closed
eyes. And it is a captivity, for they cannot see; they cannot
You remember in John Bunyan's 'Holy War', that the great enemy in his siege of Mansoul, gave instructions that the burg-master of the city, Mr. Understanding, should be put in a dark dungeon where he could not see what was going on; "Having the understanding darkened" is the Scripture. And if you have no sight, no understanding, if you're not able to see the Lord, it's a terrible prison to be in. The commission to the apostle Paul, at his conversion, was, "To whom I send thee to open their eyes, that they may turn from darkness to light, and from the power of Satan unto God" - the two things go together: 'From darkness to light', and 'from the power of Satan unto God', "That they may receive an inheritance" - the inheritance is the inheritance of people who have had their eyes opened and who have escaped the toils of the one who blinds the understanding.
Well, this ministry of the servant is a liberation from this blindness and darkness. And in another part of Isaiah's prophecies about the coming of the Lord Jesus, he puts it this way: "The people that sat in darkness have seen a great light". The people that sat in darkness have seen a great light - how true that was of the Lord Jesus. And here we are tonight in the good of that. We have seen the light; we have seen a great Light. He has opened our blind eyes, and what a new world we've come into and to possess! It's like that.
Dear friends, the Lord Jesus, as the Servant, truly did this. And He said: "Today, today hath this Scripture been fulfilled". And there were those who got their eyes opened when He was here and He's been doing it ever since. But this ministry is transferred to His Church. Oh, sadly we have to say, that the Church has not done it too well, that there is not the ministry of eye-opening and revelation that there could be, or should be. One of the effects of an anointed people is that other people come into the light and see. They see! They leap out of their imprisonment of darkness, and are able to say: "I see, I see!"
Well, let us come to the end.
The Servant as the Great Transformer
Here it is: "To give unto them a garland for ashes, the oil of joy for mourning, the garment of praise for the spirit of heaviness". What a change in situation, condition, and outlook! Why, we could stay long on these things. But there it is, we simply sum it all up in this one word - the transformation. The word itself carried its own meaning. Passing from one form to another - transform. Here is the one form: mourning, heaviness, and no song, no joy; that's one condition. And the other: the oil of joy for mourning, the garment of praise, a song for the spirit of heaviness; changed over. Well, it's true of the Gospel. It's true of what the Lord Jesus has done, and is doing - making this great transformation in lives; taking men and women from this one sad and sorry state of things, and putting them into another where it is the oil of joy in the place of mourning, the garment of praise for the spirit of heaviness - the transforming ministry of the Servant - and that is committed to us.
Well, that's the message. Again, 'Behold My Servant'. If you want to know what servanthood is and what real service is, well, that's it. Look at Him, and that's it. May the Lord do two things amongst us: bring those who are not in the good of this Good News into it; bring you into the values of this great Servanthood of the Lord Jesus. And then, for those of us who know it, who are in the good of it, may He make us servants of it, much more fruitfully and effectively.