The Holy City, New Jerusalem
Chapter 10 - The Greatness of God's Grace in Jesus Christ
Jesus have sent mine angel to testify unto you these
things for the churches. I am the root and the offspring
of David, the bright, the morning star"
I think it is a very wonderful thing that the Bible
almost finishes with a word about David, and I think that
you will agree with me. Here, right at the end, our Lord
is saying: "I Jesus... am the root and the offspring
of David." 'As the root, David came from Me. As the
offspring I came from David.' That is why the Lord here
calls Himself by the simple name of Jesus. He says:
"I Jesus have sent mine angel." Now the
Apostles and New Testament teachers very rarely used that
name, for they almost always spoke of Him as the LORD
Jesus, or Jesus Christ our Lord. It was very rare for
them just to use His name 'Jesus', because that was the
name before His resurrection and exaltation. 'Jesus' was
the name of His humiliation, the name of the One who died
for us, the One who was made sin in our place. 'Jesus'
was the name of the Saviour: "Thou shalt call his
name Jesus; for it is he that shall save his people from
their sins" (Matthew 1:21). 'Jesus' was the name of
the One who "humbled himself, becoming obedient even
unto death, yea, the death of the cross"
(Philippians 2:8). And here, right at the end of
everything, He says: "I Jesus" - "I
Jesus... am the root and offspring of David."
David! That name brings back many things to us. David was
the greatest king that Israel ever had, but what was his
greatness based upon? We have read that Psalm, but did
you notice the inscription at the head of it? Here it is:
"A Psalm of David:
when Nathan the prophet came unto him,
after he had gone in to Bath-sheba."
This Psalm is one of the most terrible things in the
Bible! It is the Psalm of a man whose heart is broken
because of his sin and because of the terrible nature of
it. Do you remember the story?
There was a man named Uriah and he had a very beautiful
wife. At a time when Israel went out to battle David,
instead of going out with his forces, went up on to the
housetop, and from there he saw this very beautiful
woman. His passions rose within him and he said: 'I must
have that woman! She is already married to Uriah, but I
must have her somehow.' So he said to his captains: 'I
want you to put Uriah in the front rank of the army and
then go forward to meet the enemy. Then, when the enemy
attacks, let the army fall back and leave Uriah alone.'
That is what they did and, of course, the plan succeeded.
Uriah was killed, and then David's captains came back and
said: 'Uriah is dead.' David sent to Uriah's wife,
Bath-sheba, and said: 'Uriah is dead. Come and be my
wife.' So David got Bath-sheba, as he had planned, but
the Lord said to Nathan, the prophet: 'Go to David and
tell him a parable of a poor man who had but one sheep,
and of another man who had many sheep, but this man who
had the many sheep stole the one little sheep belonging
to the poor man.' And as David listened to the story his
wrath rose within him and he said: 'The man who would do
a thing like that is worthy of death. He shall die!' And
Nathan said: 'Thou art the man!' David had committed
murder by planning to do so, and, do you know, by doing
that he had put himself right outside side of all the
Lord's sacrifices for sin. The laws of God through Moses
had provided for a sacrifice for every other kind of sin.
There was even a sacrifice for the man who killed
somebody by accident, for the man who did kill somebody
but had never intended to do so, but for the man who
thought it out and planned it, then carried it out, there
was no sacrifice. That was called 'blood-guiltiness', and
there was no sacrifice provided by God for that. Such a
man might bring his offerings, his sacrifice and his
burnt offerings, but God would take no pleasure in them,
and that is where David was in Psalm 51:
"Have mercy upon me, O God, according to thy
lovingkindness... Wash me thoroughly from mine iniquity,
and cleanse me from my sin... My sin is ever before me.
Against thee, thee only, have I sinned, and done that
which is evil in thy sight... Purge me with hyssop, and I
shall be clean; wash me, and I shall be whiter than
snow... Cast me not away from thy presence; and take not
thy holy spirit from me... Deliver me from
bloodguiltiness, O God, thou God of my salvation... Thou
delightest not in sacrifice; else would I give it: thou
hast no pleasure in burnt offering."
David is saying: 'I have not anything that I can offer. I
have put myself outside of all God's provision. My
condition is absolutely hopeless, but for one thing, and
that one thing is Thy grace.'
Do you think now that it is a wonderful thing that the
Bible ends with: "I am the root and offspring of
David"? To put that in another way, the Bible ends
by saying that God's grace is greater than the greatest
sin, and is sufficient for the man who has no hope. I
think it is a wonderful thing that after this God did
make David so great, so that his name is one of the
greatest names in history.
Solomon was the second son of that woman Bath-sheba, and
the very name 'Solomon' means for us the greatest glory
in the Bible. Jesus Himself will acknowledge that. He
spoke of "even Solomon in all his glory"
(Matthew 6:29), but "a greater than Solomon is
here" (Matthew 12:42). First of all, you have this
wonderful greatness of Solomon from a man who had sinned
like David. How can you explain that? It is explained
because a "greater than Solomon is here". In
what way is Jesus greater than Solomon? Because He will
take someone who has gone to the deepest depths of sin
and raise them to the highest place in glory. That is
greatness indeed! It is the greatness of the grace of God
which has been brought to us in Jesus.
"I Jesus have sent mine angel to testify unto you
these things for the churches." What is the greatest
testimony of Jesus in the Church? It is what Paul calls
"the exceeding riches of his grace" (Ephesians
So we end our studies in Revelation upon this very high
and glorious note. Jesus says: "I am... the root and
offspring of DAVID". Fancy Jesus associating
Himself with David! That is grace indeed!
But remember that there was something in David. 'If there
is no sacrifice provided by Moses for my sin, there is a
sacrifice provided by Jesus.' David said: "Thou
delightest not in sacrifice... thou hast no pleasure in
burnt offering. The sacrifices of God are a broken
spirit: a broken and a contrite heart, O God, thou wilt
The message speaks for itself. It is too great, too
wonderful for words! How great is the grace of God in
Jesus Christ! And the way into that grace is not by any
works that we can do, nor by any offering that we can
make. It is by a broken and a contrite heart that comes
to the cross of Jesus and sees there God's sacrifice for
sin which no other sacrifice can put away.
And so we sing:
"Plenteous grace with Thee is found;
Grace to cover all my sin."
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