Lord, we pray that as we are gathered together in body,
Thou wouldest gather us together in Spirit. If our minds
are not gathered together, draw them now to Thyself. Lord
Jesus, Thou art the center of our lives, help us to
forget everything but Thyself, help us to forget the
place and the people and just be preoccupied with Thee.
Help us to forget the messenger and the interpretation
and help us, Lord, to listen with our inward ears to Thy
voice. We are wholly dependent upon Thy Holy Spirit. Wilt
Thou have regard unto our need. We ask in the Name of the
Lord Jesus. Amen.
I hold in
my hand a little book, and all that is in between the
covers of that little book has to do with one thing, or
three aspects of one thing: the mission, the meaning and
the message of Jesus Christ, the Son of God. You know
that it is the New Testament, and the whole of the New
Testament is summed up in those words - the mission, the
meaning and the message of Jesus Christ, the Son of God,
and it is that with which we are going to be occupied, as
the Lord helps.
I want to underline this: that the New Testament is all
summed up in those three things. As you know, it has many
parts. There are twenty-seven books, but all the
twenty-seven books make one whole. In some way each one
of them tells us the mission of Jesus Christ, the meaning
of Jesus Christ, and the message of Jesus Christ. There
are twenty-one personal letters, and it is a wonderful
thing that God chose to give us all this in personal
letters. It is indeed wonderful what a personal letter
can do when God inspires it! One-third of the whole New
Testament is in personal letters. There are five
historical books, the four Gospels and the book of the
Acts; and then there is the one book, the Apocalypse,
which contains history, prophecy and doctrine. The
majority of the letters have personal names attached to
them. The one exception is the letter to the Hebrews.
There were evidently more writings by the apostles which
have been lost, but two things of greatest importance
remain to us.
Firstly, God has seen to it that everything has been
preserved which is necessary to the life of a Christian.
For the Christian life we do not need any more than what
is in the New Testament, and I think you will agree that
we have quite enough. When I was a young man I thought
that I understood the Bible. Someone has said that the
Psalmist must have been a young man when he said: "I
have more understanding than all my teachers" (Psalm
119:99). Well, after sixty years of studying the New
Testament, it is more than I can cope with today. God has
seen to it that we have all that we need for life and
The second thing is this: the whole of the New Testament
is a many-sided revelation of one Person. Every one of
the twenty-seven books is a distinct aspect of one
Person, and each one of those twenty-seven parts has a
particular purpose, but very many Christians are quite
unable to say what that particular aspect is. The great
need is for us to read one of these books, and I advise
that you read it right through at one sitting. Remember
that the chapter arrangements are quite a mechanical
thing not arranged until the fifteenth century. That is
man's hand upon the book just for convenience, but the
really valuable thing is to read the whole book through
Now having read that book, you stand back from it and you
ask yourself some questions: 'What does that book say to me?'
Not: 'What is there in that book?' but: 'What does the
book say to me? Now that I have read it, what does it
amount to? What is its part of the whole? What is the
result for me of having read that book?'
That is all preparing our way for the several things that
we are going to consider. Our present purpose is firstly
to show what we mean by what we have just said, and
secondly to consider some of these parts of the whole. I
want you to remember this as we go on - that we are
trying to understand the very essence of Christianity.
Having said that, we will start on our first part, which
is the Gospel by Matthew. I want you just to look at two
fragments, one at the beginning and one at the end. We
shall refer to these more fully later on.
"The book of the generation of Jesus Christ the
son of David, the son of Abraham" (1:1).
"But the eleven disciples went into Galilee, unto
the mountain where Jesus had appointed them. And when
they saw him they worshipped: but some doubted. And Jesus
came to them and spake unto them, saying, All authority
hath been given unto me in heaven and on earth. Go ye
therefore and make disciples of all the nations,
baptizing them into the name of the Father and of the Son
and of the Holy Spirit: teaching them to observe all
things whatsoever I commanded you: and lo, I am with you
alway even unto the end of the age" (28:16-20).
To reach a
conclusion as to the message of Matthew we must first
consider the man himself. Who and what was Matthew? Well,
we know that his former name was Levi, and he got a
double name - Matthew Levi. We know that he was a
tax-gatherer, and he lived in Capernaum. Please believe
that this is not a lot of unnecessary detail; the two
things that I have just said have a tremendous history
bound up with them. Matthew was a tax-gatherer and he
lived in Capernaum. He was a man who was invested with
Roman authority; he was employed by the 'army of
occupation': he had sold himself to the enemy in the
land. He had accepted Roman authority and he was a man
under authority. If he said: 'I want so much as tax', all
the Roman Empire stood behind him. That gave him a great
deal of liberty, for he could put his own price on
things, and he could be very exacting. Do you remember
when John the Baptist was baptizing in the Jordan and all
the publicans came to him? (I wonder if Levi was one of
them! If he was, he had never been baptized.) What did
John the Baptist say to these publicans? 'Do not exact
more than you have a right to do!' So the publicans were
men who liked to get more than they had a right to have.
You are following me closely, are you not? Is your mind
moving ahead of what I am saying? Levi was evidently a
man who loved power, for he had imbibed the spirit of
What about the time in which Levi lived? it was the time
when Israel was in great weakness, for she was being
ground under the heel of imperial Rome and had lost world
authority. Put a ring round that word 'authority', for
that is the key to Matthew.
There is one other thing to say about Matthew. The only
thing that remains as the fruit of his life is his
Gospel. That is something very wonderful! We don't know
anything else about the subsequent history of this man.
Was he an apostle? Yes - and yet the only thing that
remains is a book, but what a book it is! He is the only
man in the New Testament who calls himself a publican. He
alone says: "Matthew the publican" (Matthew
10:3). Twenty centuries afterward we are studying that
Gospel, and it has been studied all through those twenty
centuries - the fruit of a converted publican. There are
possibilities for us all!
Now it says that Jesus came to Capernaum, and as He
passed by He saw Levi sitting at the receipt of custom.
He said: 'Levi, you wicked man! You traitor to your
country! You enemy of your own country! What are you
doing there, Levi?' No, Jesus did not say anything like
that. He looked at Levi, He saw his account books and all
his money and He saw all the people looking at Levi with
anger. He knew the worst about him and He said:
"Follow me!" That is all. And Levi arose and
I think it is possible that Levi had overheard Jesus'
teaching in Capernaum, and perhaps he had seen some of
the miracles, so that when Jesus said: "Follow
me!" he heard in those words something more than the
words themselves. He heard something that appealed to his
sense of authority. Jesus did not say: 'Levi, would you
like to be one of My followers?' Nor did He say: 'Levi, I
give you an invitation to come with Me.' I wish I could
catch the tone of Jesus, but it would have been something
like this: 'Follow Me!' There was authority in His
voice. Young Christians, Jesus does not invite you
to be Christians. He does not just say: 'Would you like
to be one of My disciples?' The voice of Jesus is the
voice of Divine authority. This is not a messenger of the
King inviting; this is the King commanding. You
refuse this call at your eternal peril. When Jesus says:
'Follow Me!' there is all the content of eternal destiny
in that. This is where we strike the message.
Now note one or two other things about Matthew. Matthew
already knew what was in the Bible. He knew the
Scriptures, but the Scriptures had no authority in his
life until Jesus came in. If you read through this Gospel
by Matthew you will find that he repeats one phrase nine
times, and that phrase is: "that it might be
fulfilled as it is written." Now he had all that
Scripture, but his Bible was not alive until Jesus came
into his life, and when that happened, he said: 'Why,
this is what the prophet wrote about. I am seeing Jesus
everywhere now!' He could identify Christ in the
Scriptures when he had wholly committed himself to the
authority of Jesus. That is very instructive. You see, we
are not saved because we know something about the Bible,
nor because we have been brought up in a religious
family. The very reality of Christianity is in an
absolute committal to the authority of Jesus Christ.
Two Focal Points
leave that for a minute, and note Matthew's two focal
points. In his genealogy he says: "Jesus...
Abraham... David" - 'the seed of Abraham, the seed
of David'. So Matthew sees Jesus in relation to a chosen
nation, and Abraham is the first of this new chosen race.
Matthew sees Jesus in relation to a chosen people and
then he says: 'of the seed of David'. What does David
mean? David represents the Divine thought for this
people, which is dominion in the world. First, then, a
chosen people: that is Abraham. Then a people in absolute
authority amongst the nations. That is the Divine
Hold on to that very tightly. Presently Matthew is going
to say to that chosen nation: "The kingdom of God
shall be taken away from you, and shall be given to a
nation bringing forth the fruits thereof" (21:43).
This is tremendous! So Abraham is to have another nation!
A heavenly people, and that people is to inherit
the authority among the nations, to be the true
seed of David. That is where you need to dip into the
book of the Revelation: a great multitude out of every
nation centred in the Throne.
Basis of Christianity
another point of which I want you to make a careful note,
because all the sovereign wisdom of God is found in this
point. When the New Testament was put together, quite
contrary to the usual way of men, the books were put in
their wrong chronological order. The New Testament is not
put together in chronological order. If it had been,
Matthew would not have come in for a long time. When
those men sat down to put the book together, for some
reason which they did not know they said: 'We will put
Matthew at the beginning.' They were more under the
government of the Holy Spirit than they knew! The Holy
Spirit knew what He was doing, so He said: 'We will put
Matthew first.' And why is Matthew first? For the best of
all reasons: this Gospel by Matthew is the first message
of Christianity, and it is the foundation and basis of
all Christianity. What is the basis of Christianity? What
would be your answer if you were asked: 'What is the
essential basis of all Christianity?' The answer is in
the last words of this Gospel: "All authority hath
been given unto me in heaven and on earth." The
absolute Lordship of Jesus Christ is the foundation of
You notice how this idea had got hold of Matthew. It is
he who tells us about the centurion who said to Jesus:
"I also am a man under authority, having under
myself soldiers: and I say to this one, Go, and he goeth;
and to another, Come, and he cometh" (8:9). I hear
the echo of the voice of Jesus: "Follow me!"
"He taught them as one having authority", says
Matthew, "not as their scribes" - and the
scribes were supposed to be their authority! The great
note of Matthew's Gospel is the absolute right of Jesus
to command and be obeyed, and you note that the message
of the Gospel in the book of the Acts was: 'We preach
Jesus Christ as Lord.' The claim of Jesus Christ is
unmistakable in Matthew. "Ye have heard that it was
said by them of old... but I say unto you..."
(Matthew 5:21, 27, 31, 33, 38, 43). Six times He takes
authority over "them of old", and "them of
old" means Moses supremely. So on to the end, where
it is all gathered up into 'All authority is given (has
been given) unto me in heaven and on earth.
Therefore go ye and teach all nations...
whatsoever I have commanded you" - "have
commanded". Matthew's Gospel is always called
- by the Bible teachers - "The Gospel of the
Kingdom", and the aspect of Jesus in it is that of
the King. What we are saying is that the true
characteristic of a true King is authority, and this is
the imperative of Matthew, the erstwhile tax-gatherer,
who worshipped authority so much as, first to sell
reputation and honour and popularity to a foreign and
hated power, and then to do the same as to this life for
the heavenly, spiritual authority of Jesus Christ.
Spirit in the World TodayY
Now why are
we saying these things? The greatest peril that exists in
the world today is the growing spirit of rebellion
against authority. There is a spirit which is refusing
all government and all authority in this world. It is the
spirit of lawlessness, the spirit which claims
independence of life and action. Children are casting off
the authority of parents. They are demanding a life of
absolute independence, and, sad to say, this spirit is
amongst many Christian young people. If you would give
them advice they will not take it, and if you say: 'That
behaviour, that dress is not worthy of the Lord Jesus',
they will not listen to you. But, of course, this is not
only true of young people. It is a spirit that has come
into the world, and that is the message of the letters to
the Thessalonians, where it says that at the end the
antichrist will be "the lawless one".
Power and Spiritual Victory
I need say
little more. All that sounds very hard and very terrible,
but I will ask you to read again the book of the Acts,
which is the book of spiritual power, spiritual
authority, and spiritual victory. All the world rose up
against the Christians. So much the worse for the world!
Did Herod kill James with the sword? So much the worse
for Herod! Read the sequel. Oh, no, here is an authority
that is greater than the rulers of this world. These
people may be poor people, and weak people from the
standpoint of this world. They may be despised people.
They may be poor, converted Levis, but they were joined
to the "all authority in heaven and on earth".
They were joined to the King of kings and Lord of lords.
Dear friends, you and I may be poor specimens, so far as
this world is concerned. We may be the despised things
and the things which are not, but Jesus Christ in us is
greater than we are, and greater than this world's
But we come back to the point. The message of Matthew is
the absolute Lordship and authority of Jesus Christ. Oh,
may we all be found under that Lordship! It will
come to mean much more than I am able to say. When all is
said, it is victory at the end, for 'He must reign
until He has made His enemies the footstool of His feet'.
But I do want to emphasize this thing: the beginning and
the fullness of Christianity is in the Lordship of Jesus
We do pray, our Father, Thou wouldest teach us what
this means. May we be wholly committed to the Lord Jesus.
We thank Thee that He is our Savior, but that is for us.
We want everything to be for Him, therefore, we want Him
to be Lord. Protect Thy Word in our hearts, in the Name
of the Lord Jesus. Amen.