"For the love of Christ constraineth us..."
"...that they which live should not henceforth live unto
themselves, but unto him..." (verse 15).
Those are the two fragments which will govern our meditation:
"...the love of Christ constraineth us...",
"...henceforth... unto him". Although these words were
penned long after the day when the Apostle was apprehended by
Christ Jesus, they clearly reach back to that beginning of things
in his own experience, and they form, moreover, a very fitting
introduction to his own life; for as we know his life now in a
considerable fullness, we are able to see how true it all was to
these words. There is a sense in which we can say that these
words are a summary of the life of the Apostle Paul. "The
love of Christ constraineth us," "not henceforth...
unto themselves, but unto him..." Those sentiments very
truly govern the life of this man from the day when he met the
Lord to the day when he laid down the earthly task.
What was true in his own case he sought to press home upon all
others, that it might be equally true of them. He binds others
with himself. He says: "...the love of Christ constraineth us...",
"because we thus judge...", "that they
which live..." Whether he had certain people definitely in
mind when he thus wrote, we do not know. Possibly this was not
the case, and that his use of the plural here is just the
expression of his own great longing that it might be true of all
the Lord's people. He knew himself to be so truly governed by
that constraining love, and he would not that his own case should
be exceptional, but that the passion of every heart might be
summed up in the declaration: "the love of Christ
constraineth us", "henceforth... unto him."
I feel we are perfectly justified in taking these words as
representing the Lord's will for us, as setting before us the
standard which the Lord would have to be true in our own case,
that we also should say with the same depth of reality:
"...the love of Christ constraineth us...",
"henceforth... unto him", not unto ourselves.
If you look at the whole paragraph again, you will see that this
is related to the Cross on the one hand, and to ambassadorship on
the other. Mark the statements: "...one died for all, then
were all dead": resultant from that: "...unto
him..." - "that they which live should not henceforth
live unto themselves, but unto him which died for them, and rose
again" (verse 15, A.V.); "We are ambassadors therefore
on behalf of Christ..." (verse 20, R.V.). You notice the
significance of that word "therefore" - "We are
ambassadors therefore on behalf of Christ..." That is what
it means to be "henceforth unto Him", and the place of
the Cross here is, quite clearly, the settling once for all of
all matters of interest which are apart from the interests of the
Lord Jesus. That death with the Lord Jesus was a death in which
all our own personal interests, of any and every kind, were forever
buried, and the interests of the Lord Jesus became pre-eminent,
pre-dominant, the one passion of our living being
"henceforth... unto him..." How? "We are
ambassadors... on behalf of Christ." The Cross means that
the Lord Jesus becomes the real passion, concern, dominating
interest of a life which has been crucified, which has died to
all its own interests, because of His love. "The love
of Christ constraineth us..."
and Total Abandonment to the Lord
This says to us in
very clear terms that the Cross represents a total abandonment to
Christ. We may have heard that many times. It does not concern me
very much how many times I have said it or have heard it. What
does concern me is that we should be there. I am tremendously
burdened, and there is a strong and deep longing in my heart that
what is here should, in spirit and in truth, become true of us
all, that we should be able to say with the same depth and
reality as did the Apostle: "The love of Christ constraineth
us", "henceforth... unto him", "we are
ambassadors... on behalf of Christ."
That, then, calls for the same utter abandonment to Him as
obtained in the life of this ambassador. That calls for the same
meaning of the Cross in our case as in his, complete death to all
interests save the Lord's; life only, altogether, for Christ.
That is how ambassadors are made. Ambassadors are not officials,
appointed on official grounds. The ambassadors of Christ are such
because Christ's interests are paramount, are predominant in
their hearts; for when we say: "the love of Christ
constraineth us," this is a heart matter between the Lord
Jesus and ourselves. So that, on the one hand, it is the Cross
and total abandonment to the Lord, and, on the other hand, it is
and a Passion for the Interests of the Lord
Paul was an
exemplary ambassador. One thing which he was often found saying
was: "I am ready..." Far away from needy saints at
Corinth he would write and say: "I am ready to come to
you" (2 Corinthians 12:14). He was ready to make long,
tiring, difficult and perilous journeys in the interests of
Christ in His people. Journeys were more difficult in Paul's day
than in ours, and involved a good deal more than do journeys
nowadays. But he said, with a real concern for their spiritual
wellbeing: "I am ready to come to you."
To far-off Romans he wrote: "I am ready to preach the gospel
to you..." (Romans 1:15). From his prison in Rome, where he
had fulfilled his readiness to preach to them also, he wrote at
the last to his son Timothy: "...I am now ready to be
offered..." (2 Timothy 4:6). To those who sought to dissuade
him from going into the very lion's mouth at Jerusalem, he said:
"I am ready... to die at Jerusalem for the name of the Lord
Jesus" (Acts 21:13).
That readiness had a considerable background. If it were put to
us we should, in a sense, say that we were ready, but I wonder if
we are ready! Readiness means more than being willing.
Most of us would respond and say: 'Well, if the Lord wants it, I
am ready!' But are we ready? What constituted readiness in the
case of the Apostle? With all our readiness it is just possible
that before we got very far we should be stumbled, we should stop
short, and the reasons might be various.
Let us face this quite definitely. It is not necessary to press
the question of an ambassadorship to a foreign country on some
bit of public service. Ambassadorship relates quite as much to
the place where we are in our life now. It relates to the
business place. It is wherever we are that our ambassadorship is
to hold good. Now then, are we ready? Are we thus ready, with
this passion for the interests of the Lord Jesus, so that there
we are found utterly abandoned to Him to secure those interests?
It is strange that while so many are prepared to join with others
in an open-air meeting, to preach the Gospel to the unsaved, and
are prepared even to stand out on a cold night with a group to do
so, the very same work is to be done around them every day in
their business place, and they are not touching it. It is exactly
the same work. There is something about an open-air ring and a
platform and preaching out to the unsaved which is more
romantic, and in which you can feel far more bold, than when you
stand alone in your business place, or place of daily calling.
The test comes as to whether it is that aspect of Christian work
which is more or less public and official, and puts you in a
place of advantage over the others, that draws out your zeal, or
whether your passion for Christ is continuous wherever you are.
The ambassadorship is not for platforms, for meetings, for public
occasions; the ambassadorship relates to all places, all times,
because it is constituted not by an appointment, or an invitation
to preach, or an official position, but by the love of Christ.
"Henceforth... unto Him"; not on special
occasions, but on all occasions. Are we ready?
Paul took charge of the ship's company, and made himself
responsible for the spiritual interests of the men on the ship.
Wherever he was, in his prison, in his travels, in his journeys,
and his sojourns, he was all the time bent upon the interests of
the Lord Jesus with concern and eagerness. That was one aspect of
his readiness, and is perhaps the one of most general application
There are other aspects of readiness. The readiness of Paul was
constituted by his having settled, once for all, his own
personal, spiritual problems. You never find Paul tied up in the
knots of personal spiritual problems, going round, and round, and
round, and never getting anywhere because his own spiritual
problems are all the while bothering him. Paul had that matter
settled at the beginning. He got over that fence, and went
away into Arabia, and when Paul said he was ready, it meant that
he was at leisure from himself spiritually. No man is ready, in
this sense, who is not free from himself spiritually. We do not
mean that every question that can ever come to us has been
answered, and every problem has been solved, but that we are so
utterly abandoned to Christ that we know quite well that, if we
go on with the Lord, sooner or later all those things will solve
themselves. Our business is to GO ON, and get free from
ourselves spiritually. Those who are self-occupied in a spiritual
way are the unready, the unprepared. Why not relegate your
'locking-up' problem to a place where you trust the Lord to deal
with it when He pleases, and get on with the business of the Lord
and with His interests? Recognize the desperate need that there
is spiritually in this world, and give yourself to it? I venture
to say you will come back to your pigeon holes and find your
problems all solved. You will come back and find that that thing
which was laid on the table for the time being has looked after
itself and is no longer a problem to you. While you sit there
with it all, the Lord's interests are being suspended, and you,
in the meantime, are getting nowhere at all. Abandonment to the
Lord in this way in faith is the first essential, the Lord's
interests becoming the predominant thing, the passion of your
heart. There is nothing like that abandonment to the Lord for
solving personal problems. Christ becomes the Emancipator when we
abandon ourselves to Him. That is readiness.
Another aspect of Paul's readiness was that he had counted the
cost. This, like the former question was settled once for all.
Paul had sat down and faced it out. He had weighed it all up. He
had said to himself: 'Now, I have a name for being such-and-such
a man. I have a reputation, I have a position, and I have
influence. I am known to have taken the line which I have taken
without any reservation at all. Having taken that line in the
manner that I have, I have gained a position. That position
represents a great deal. I know quite well what all my friends,
and all the people who, from my present standpoint, are most
worth considering, think about the other line of things, of that
course which lies before me now. I know what they think. I know
their attitude. I know how they treat people who go that way. I
know quite well that it will cost everything. It means
reputation, position, influence, all gone, and, more than that,
that those who are now for me, who have been on my side so
strongly, will become my bitterest foes. I know that it may
involve my being cast out of public life and out of domestic
life. I know quite well that what they did to Jesus of Nazareth
they will not hesitate to do to me, but my life goes with this.'
He had weighed it all up from every standpoint, put it all in the
balances, and settled it once for all. 'If I take this course, I
have nothing to expect from this world but complete antagonism.
From all my friends I have nothing to expect but the loss of all
things.' That is how Paul put it. He had settled the cost, so
that later on, when things began to work out as he had
anticipated, he was not stumbled in his course. He did not come
to a standstill in order to go over the whole matter again. He
went on. All those matters had been dealt with, and were behind
him. So often we are arrested because we come up against the cost
of things, the price to be paid, and we find that we are not
ready for that. "I am ready to die..."; "I am
ready to preach..."; "I am ready to go...";
"I am already being offered, and the last drops of my
sacrifice are falling." (That is the literal translation of
the words to Timothy.) Paul pictures himself as a drink-offering
being poured out for his Christ. That is abandonment to Christ.
That is passion for Christ's interests. That is the meaning of
the Cross - "henceforth... unto him..." Dead to self,
and all else.
This is a challenge to us. Are we ready? Are we so detached from
self, the world, and attached to Him by His love, that His
interests really are the dominating interests of our life all the
time? The Lord needs more men and women like this. Have you
settled down to a more or less ordinary kind of Christian life?
Is there a going on from day to day, and week to week, and month
to month, and perhaps from year to year, with none of this real
passion in our relationship to the Lord Jesus for the seeking of
His interests here in this world? Are you watching closely the
interests of your Lord every day? Are you making sacrifice for
those interests? Yes, it may break in even upon your home life.
Sacred as home life may be, if the Lord's interests should
challenge even that, are you prepared - nay, not only prepared,
but ready in this positive sense? I do not mean that you will
never feel the matter press upon you. I have no doubt that Paul
very often felt the drain, the weariness, the cost, but there was
never any question, never any hesitation, as to what course was
to be taken. "I am ready...!" Oh, do hear the Lord, the
Spirit's call to your heart for this abandonment of the true
ambassador of Jesus Christ! Do not regard ambassadorship as being
for those special people who go out on special commissions.
We started by pointing out that Paul sought to bring the whole
company of believers into this state of concern with himself. To
these Corinthian believers he said: "...we beseech...";
'we entreat'. We are all called into this position as
ambassadors. Paul had a longing to see the interests of the Lord
Jesus served at all times.
Are you ready to let your home go somewhat if His interests call?
Are you ready to let your worldly prospects go if His interests
call? Are you willing, in following out His interests, to lose
the good opinion of your friends, the esteem of others, your
reputation, the loss of everything, so long as the Lord's
interests are served? Are you holding everything here in this
world, everything - position and everything else - in the
interests of the Lord? Are you sure that you are using all that
you have for the Lord? Are you using your home? Are you using
your business opportunity? Are you using your means? Is
everything for Him?
I am aware that this is nothing more than an appeal to your
hearts. There is not a great deal of profound teaching here, but
I feel this is what is needed: a people of this sort who really
do and can say, with a true, conforming background: "The
love of Christ constraineth"! No longer unto ourselves, but
unto Him! "We are ambassadors... of Christ...!"
Those who stay at home, and continue in business and in the home
life should not be any the less ambassadors than those who go
abroad. There ought to be in us the spirit of: "I am ready
to preach...", "I am ready to go...", "I am
ready to die..." 'I am ready in this full sense of
readiness, with the result that everything is held so loosely
that it will not be able to keep me back from serving the Lord's
interests.' Everything is regarded solely in the light of how it
can serve the Lord, and if it cannot serve the Lord, then we have
no personal interest in it. If we are obliged to be in any given
thing as in this world, well and good, but our hearts are not in that
for any personal interests at all. Our hearts will only have to
be in it in so far as it is our duty. We will do what is our duty
with all our might, but the connection must serve the interests
of the Lord Jesus up to the hilt, as far as that is possible.
That is the attitude toward life which is called for. It is
possible that this spirit, this element, this real concern and
passion for the Lord, may have dropped out of the lives of many.
Ambassadors are not ambassadors because they have been appointed,
but because "the love of Christ constraineth". We are
not ambassadors of churches, congregations or assemblies; we are
ambassadors of Christ. The Lord write this in our hearts.